Theresa Meade

Theresa Meade

Professional Walleye Angler

Professional Walleye Angler

Fishing Is Fun!!

To Get Started

Fishing is the second oldest form of recreation! Just think, when humans first discovered fishing, it was just the beginning of thousands of years of fun! You can spend quality time with friends or family and as you learn, you can share your experiences. In short, enjoy fishing and teach others how to do the same! This little seminar will help you get started.

Don’t spare the rod!!!

To fish, you’ll need a few items: a pole or rod and reel, some line, hooks or lures, bobbers, sinkers, bait………………and fish!! (Fish makes fishing much more fun!)

A rod and reel allows you to cast a greater distance from the shore or a boat. Sporting goods stores carry a selection of rods and reels for you to choose from. A good rule of thumb, try to get a rod that’s about as tall as you are to start. Rods are classed as ultralight, light, medium and heavy action. There are 3 types of reels, spinning, bait-casting and spin-casting. If you are just starting out, the spin-casting is the easiest to use.

Monofilament fishing line, so-called because it is made of one continuous fiber, is ranked by the amount of weight it will bear without breaking. You’ll want to have 4-10 pound test wound on the reel’s spool. "Mono" isn’t the only kind of line but is the easiest to start out on.


Sinkers are lead weights used to cast light hooks and to drop the bait quickly to the bottom. There are many kinds of sinkers-split-shot, pencil and bullet just to name a few. All weights have a responsibility when it comes to using them. Don’t forget, they are made of lead. Don’t EVER put lead sinkers on your line using your teeth! When fishing, try your hardest to not lose your lead weights, the fish and birds may eat them and it isn’t good for them.


Bobbers let you know when there’s a fish checking your bait out. Button, pencil and slip bobbers are a few of the types available. When you clamp the bobber on the line, remember that the distance from the sinker to the bobber should not be more than the depth of the water. (Otherwise, your bait may just sit on the bottom!)


Hooks are numbered according to size. Generally, the smaller the number, the larger the hook. Hooks hold the bait until a fish bites, then, if you’re lucky, the hook holds the fish. Get an assortment of hooks and you’ll be ready for whatever comes along underwater!


Artificial lures are designed to look good for eating to a fish, like a worm, minnow, fly or other tasty morsel. There is a huge variety of lures for different species of fish. Be careful though, they can be expensive. Start slow and build up. Before you know it, your tackle box will be full!

Other things you may need

A net, a stringer to hold your catch, tackle box (all your stuff holder) line clipper, bait bucket, first-aid kit, sunglasses and sun block, a hat and something for you to munch on! (Can’t think of only the fish you know!) Don’t forget bug spray and fishing licenses, both are very important!

Tips for safety

Remember, when you’re fishing, it’s possible to fall into the water. Always wear your life jacket if you’re in a boat or canoe and watch your step on riverbanks. Tufts of grass may give way or conceal deep holes. If you’re wading in a stream, step carefully, covered rocks are many times slippery. Don’t ever underestimate a current, they can be dangerous! Whether fishing from shore or from a boat, remember that life jackets are your friends. Always keep an eye on those younger or those who can’t swim.

Keep an eye to the sky, checking for ever changing weather. Lightning and fishing rods do not go together!

Proper dress makes any outdoor sport more fun and safe. Wear layers that you can take off or on and carry rain gear.

Be cautious! Remember there are other anglers too. When you cast, you may land that lure or hook in someone else, or even yourself! Practice good safety rules, be careful, considerate and have fun!

Knot tying

There are tons of ways to tie a knot. It’s good to know several kinds, if only to impress your fishing friends. The easiest is the clinch knot but a good holding knot is the Palomar. Some tips to know tying: Check your line for any rough spots that may be a sign of weakness. Trim them off and don’t forget to dispose of discarded line properly! Birds and small animals can easily get tangled and hurt by improperly discarded line. Always wet your line, and then tie the knot. This allows you to cinch the knot smoothly and makes it stronger. Tighten the knot with a slow, even motion. Don’t trim the tail of the line to close to the end, leave about 1/8 th of an inch. The knot is the weakest point in your line. Be sure to practice your knots so they are strong and reliable!


Depending on what you are fishing for is what you need to decide to use. What is the best snack to tempt a hungry fish, fresh or fake? Both bait and artificial lures work, but fish do have a preference and you need to figure out what they’re likely to eat that day. The most popular live bait is the ever slimy worm or night crawler. But depending on the type of fish you’re looking for or what they feel like dining on that day, there are lots of options. There are minnow, doughballs, grubs, grasshoppers, leeches (some people call them blood suckers, these are different) and much more.


Set the drag on your reel-this provides resistance to tire the fish without stretching your lineto the breaking point. Look behind you and to the side for trees, bushes and most importantly, other anglers! This takes practice to get good at. Take your time and have patience, the more you cast, the better you will get, I promise! Before casting a hook that can land somewhere that you don’t want it to, try casting just a bobber or light sinker first.

OK, let’s fish!!!!!!!!!!